Health Guide

Irrıtable bowel syndrome (IBS)

Irrıtable bowel syndrome (IBS)

Release Date: 28 12 2019

Writer: SPECIALIST M.D. Cihanşah Akdoğan

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common disorder that affects the large intestine. Signs and symptoms include cramping, abdominal pain, bloating, gas, and diarrhea or constipation, or both. IBS is a chronic condition that you'll need to manage long term. Irritable bowel syndrome is often seen in young people and is more common in individuals under 45 years of age. Symptoms are usually rare and only a few patients feel severe symptoms and complaints. Most patients can control the symptoms with diet, lifestyle and managing stress . More severe complaints require medical treatment.Irritable bowel syndrome does not cause changes in the intestinal tissue and does not increase the risk of cancer.

The exact cause of restless bowel syndrome is not  known yet. 
Symptoms The signs and symptoms of IBS vary. The most common include: 
     *Mucus in the stoo
     * Abdominal pain, cramping or bloating that is typically relieved or partially relieved by passing a bowel movement
     *Excess gas 
     *Diarrhea or constipation — sometimes alternating bouts of diarrhea and constipation
     *Changes in the number of beneficial bacteria in the intestine (microflora). The microflora consists of various bacteria, protozoa and yeasts. These are distributed throughout the length of the gut and coexist in a symbiotic (mutual) relationship in the healthy animal.In researches, microflora deterioration was detected in patients with spastic colon disease.
Patients with restless bowel syndrome occasionally experience attacks with worse symptoms and complaints.
See your doctor if you have a persistent change in bowel habits or other signs or symptoms of IBS. They may indicate a more serious condition, such as colon cancer. More-serious signs and symptoms include: 
    • Weight loss
    • Diarrhea at night
    • Rectal bleeding
    • Iron deficiency anemia
    • Unexplained vomiting
    • Difficulty swallowing
    • Persistent pain that isn't relieved by passing gas or a bowel movement

Symptoms of IBS can be triggered by:
    • Food. The role of food allergy or intolerance in IBS isn't fully understood. A true food allergy rarely causes IBS. But many people have worse IBS symptoms when they eat or drink certain foods or beverages, including wheat, dairy products, citrus fruits, beans, cabbage, milk and carbonated drinks.
    • Stress. Most people with IBS experience worse or more frequent signs and symptoms during periods of increased stress. But while stress may aggravate symptoms, it doesn't cause them.
    • Hormones. Women are twice as likely to have IBS, which might indicate that hormonal changes play a role. Many women find that signs and symptoms are worse during or around their menstrual periods.
It is possible to control symptoms with treatment in almost all patients.It is important to work with the doctor to find the right treatment plan for the patient.In the treatment, lifestyle changes such as avoiding the factors triggering the symptoms, creating a healthy diet regularly and exercising are in the foreground. In addition, some medications may be used;

Here are some tips that are good for complaints and can help reduce symptoms. 
    • Fiber foods such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes and nuts are good for constipation in IBS.
    •Eating gradually and frequently is effective in alleviating complaints.
    • Slowly chewing the food for a long time is good for eating gas.
    • Regular exercise helps to cope with stress by increasing the release of endorphins and serotonin, also known as the happiness hormone.Thus, stress-induced symptoms are reduced.
Not everyone has a special diet for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). However, there are somethings that can be done to control the symptoms of the disease.
    • It is useful to prepare food at home with fresh ingredients.
    • Patients can identify foods that trigger food by writing down the foods and symptoms they eat. Thus, they can achieve relief from symptoms by avoiding the relevant foods.
    • Probiotics can be effective.
    • Food should be eaten slowly by chewing thoroughly as fast food can increase complaints
    • Regular consumption of oats and flaxseeds can alleviate symptoms.
    • Difficult to digest foods such as cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, brussels sprouts, beans, onions and dried fruits should be reduced.
    • Any food or beverage containing a sweetener called sorbitol should be avoided.
    • If diarrhea is in the foreground, high-fiber foods such as brown bread, brown rice, nuts and legumes should be restricted.
    • In case of constipation, plenty of fluids should be taken and fiber foods should be given weight.

You can't prevent irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). But proper self-care may help ease symptoms and may extend the time between episodes. Self-care includes quitting smoking, avoiding caffeine and foods that make symptoms worse, and getting regular exercise.

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