Health Guide



Release Date: 23 03 2018

Writer: SURGEON M.D. Mehmet Hamarat 

As the matter of fact, the prostate is a organ and its most important task is to facilitate the mobility of sperm in men and to contribute to the formation of pregnancy.In other words,unlike what is known, the prostate is an organ that exists in men since birth.However, the word 'prostate' is used to describe urinary complaints in older men and is said' to be prostate.Prostate is a deterioration of the habit of making urine, especially due to the growth and changes that occur in the prostate organ along with aging.

What is a prostate?

Prostate is a walnut-shaped secretory cloth that surrounds the part between the immediate excretion of urine and the outer urinary channel in men.Average is 10-20 pounds.Prostate secreted fluid provides 30% of the menin and also protects against infections.Prostate begins to develop well-behaved after age 40 and develops complaints of urine and other symptoms around age 50.The results of the investigations show that approximately 50% of males aged 60 years have benign prostatic enlargement, while those aged 80 years experience up to 90% of this disease.

Prostate disease symptoms

 - Urinary frequency,Urinary frequency at nights

 -  Being unable to void

 -  Blooding urinary or  semens

 -  Sexual functions, impairment

 -  Bone pain, fatigue, tiredness

How to diagnose and diagnose?

Conditions referred to as prostate diseases;

- Prostate inflammation

- Age-related benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)

- Prostate cancer

In order to differentiate these diseases, some examinations and basic tests are required.The prostate is a blood test, or PSA test, designed to remove the possibility of cancer.Prostate cancers may not give evidence because of the residential areas in the gland.For this reason, every male from age 40 onwards should have this test done once a year so that cancer can be diagnosed at an early stage.In addition, urine analysis, renal function blood tests and ultrasonography are required.

Finger Rectal Examination;In the case of men with prostate disorders, it is a test that removes the patient from referral.However, this examination is no longer carried out in the routine of every patient.First of all, if an abnormal condition is detected in the tests performed, the examiner gives the physician a general idea about the size and condition of the cloth.


In aging men, you should not confuse benign prostate (BPH) growth with prostate cancer.Prostate growth begins by changing the hormonal balance at the age of 0 to 50 and closing the urinary sperm (bladder) outlet; it causes complaints such as strain, night wake up, frequent outings.

Treatment of BPH is medications, minimally invasive methods, closed and open prostate surgery.

Prostate cancer;

Prostate cancers are the most common cancers in men. After lung cancer in the world and Turkey 2. Often seen. In the US, prostate cancer is still in 2nd place in deaths related to cancer in men.
Estimated new prostate cancer cases in the US in 2018 164 690 people

Estimated deaths due to new prostate cancer cases in the US in 2018; 29 413 people.

Although prostate cancers have been seen in older ages, they can now be seen from the age of 40. Excess meat, oily nutrition and genetic factors are the most important risk factors for today.

How is prostate cancer diagnosed?

Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) is important in the sense of screening.

This article gives insight into both the diagnosis and the treatment

For that reason, it is absolutely necessary for every man over 40 years old to have this test complained once a year.

When prostate cancer is suspected with PSA elevation or abnormal examination findings, the needle and prostate tissue pieces are removed and examined in the pathology.The extent of tumor spread, the life expectancy of the patient, and accompanying diseases are very important for proper treatment.The spread of cancer to the outside of the prostate and its spread to other organs is extremely important in planning the treatment.

Surgery is the most common and most successful treatment of early stage prostate cancer.Closed and open surgical methods are available and each surgical method should be preferred to the patient. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy in advanced stage disease is tried to be taken under control.



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